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This volume includes the complete texts of two of John Stuart Mill’s most important works, UTILITARIANISM and ON LIBERTY, and selections from his other. The Utilitarians an Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation [by] Jeremy Bentham. Utilitarianism and on Liberty [by] John Stuart Mill. The Classical Utilitarians, Bentham and Mill has 86 ratings and 7 reviews. Elliott said: Utilitarians are like London buses: You wait for years to encoun.

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Thus, animals are not objects of moral appraisal on the view, since they lack the necessary reflective capacities. As Mill explains, it is easy to misapply the term and its concept at different levels of abstraction or of application.

The History of Utilitarianism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

My good counts for no more than anyone else’s good. John Stuart Mill – – New York: The utilitarian is a ‘cold-blooded’ theory. But the influence of the Classical Utilitarians has been profound — not only within moral philosophy, but within political philosophy and social policy. The virtuous person is one whose affections, motives, dispositions are of the right sort, not one whose behavior is simply of the right sort and who is able to reflect on goodness, and her own goodness [see Gill].

Bentham on The Greatest Good.

Mill, John Stuart, It is a completely secular, forward-looking question. Similarly, the vicious person is one who exemplifies the wrong sorts of mental states, affections, and so forth.

Aras rated it really liked it Mar 26, The editors would like to thank Gintautas Miliauskas Vilnius University for notifying us about several typographical errors in this entry.

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In Chapter 4 of Utilitarianism Mill noted. Bentham says, ethics is the art of directing men’s actions to mipl of grea A Great book for learning about Utilitarianism, I think this covers the basics. This view was combined with a view of human motivation with egoistic elements.


On Sidgwick’s view, utilitarianism is the more basic theory. Of course it is the case that the truth ought not be misused, that its misuse can be avoided and is not inevitable, but the misuse is entirely predictable.

He actually waffled on this issue a bit, but always disagreed with Hedonism in that even when he held that beauty all by itself was not an intrinsic good, he also utilitadians that for the appreciation of beauty to be a good the beauty must actually be there, in the world, and not be the result of illusion.

The theological approach to utilitarianism would be developed later by William Paley, for example, but the lack of any theoretical necessity in appealing to God would result in its diminishing appeal. John Stuart Mill, on the other hand, is a joy to read, and in particular his “On Liberty” appears here in, as far as I am able to judge, its entirety.

Schneewindfor example — to move away from focus on character evaluation after Hume and towards act-evaluation. Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database. Character — that is, a person’s true character — is known, if known at all, only by that person. Though there are many varieties of the view discussed, utilitarianism is generally held to be the view utliitarians the morally right action is the action that produces the utilitariajs good.

The Classical Utilitarians, Bentham and Mill

But Scarre notes these are not actually incompatible:. Utilitarkans effects of a given policy may change, the moral quality of the policy may change as well. I am not sure if you can quantify happiness, emotions into mere numbers.

Moore further criticized the view that pleasure itself was an intrinsic good, since it failed a kind of isolation test that he proposed for intrinsic value.

To be fair to Bentham’s critics, of course, they are free to agree with him that this is the case in many situations, just not all — and that there itilitarians still a subset of laws that reflect the fact that some actions just are intrinsically wrong regardless of consequences. Thus, what Mill calls the intellectual pleasures will score more highly than the sensual ones along several parameters, and this could give us reason to prefer those pleasures — but it is a quantitative not a qualitative reason, on Bentham’s view.


It is reasonable to judge it wrong on the basis of past experience or consensus. This is distinct from the view that a pain or pleasure based on a nentham belief should be discounted.

The Classical Utilitarians, Bentham and Mill by John Troyer

However, this approach highlights the move away from egoistic views of human nature — a trend picked up by Hutcheson and Hume, and later adopted by Mill in criticism of Bentham’s version of utilitarianism.

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Mirror Sites View this site from another server: This reduces the antipathy to the act in question. The picture which emerges from Hutcheson’s discussion is of a classlcal of labor, in which the moral sense causes us to look with favor on actions which benefit others and disfavor those which harm them, while consequentialist reasoning determines a more precise ranking order of practical options in given situations.

The Classical Utilitarians Bentham and Mill

The volume also provides indexes, a glossary, and notes. Find it on Scholar. Intellectual pleasures are of a higher, better, sort than the ones that are merely sensual, and that we share with animals.